Both men and women enjoyed different privileges in Sparta and Athens. In addition to their governments, the two cities had a democratically elected assembly whose members people elected. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? Â¿CuÃ¡les son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. But war cannot kill ideas. Introduction. Both city states had extremely large slave populations, with each home to about 100,000 slaves. Athens and Sparta, two civilizations of equal power, yet unequal mindsets: their societal views caused these two great empires to face a divide unlike any other in history. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of Western civilization. Along with these, the roles between Spartan and Athenian women differed as well. Sparta did not experience the same changes in government that Athens and other citystates experienced. Brand (n.d), Ancient Greece is composed of 700 poleis or city state where each polis was own its small country (p. 1). Physical education was extremely important in Athens as well as Sparta, and sports included Archery, wrestling and swimming. They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. About this essay More essays like this: athens, greek city states, ancient sparta. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. Both had a large amount of slaves (100,00) Bibliography Both Athens and Sparta chose their rulers Explain the differences and similarities between two Greek City-States List the important contributions of each City-State Educational Standard(s) Supported Social Studies 6.43 Success Indicator Learners will be successful if they: Identify similarities and differences of Athens and Sparta Compare and contrast information about the two city-states By age 18 all boys were expected to attend military school. The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. Other than being apart of Greece and the language they spoke, they both worshipped the same gods, which are the twelve Olympian gods and goddesses, which included Zeus, Poseidon, and Aphrodite. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. Objectives of education in Ancient Sparta, and how education prepared students for their roles in society Spartans believed in a life of 'discipline, self denial, and simplicity,' and so the purpose of education was, simply, to produce an army. The main purpose of education in Ancient Athens was to make citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare them for both peace and war. But only one could be the best, was it Sparta or Athens?? However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Athens was more focused on government and education, while Sparta was more concerned about military training. How old is Hillary on Love It or List It? Which was a military oligarchy Athens or Sparta? The curriculum consisted of reading, writing, music, poetry, mathematics and gymnastics. What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? Physical Education in Sparta was military education where a child had to join at the age of 7 years. At age 20, Spartan males became full-time soldiers, and remained on active duty until age 60. Athens was a very calm and creative city who was known for thriving in politics and economy. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. The Roman education system was based on the Greek system – and many of the private tutors in the Roman system were Greek slaves or freedmen. The Ancient Greek oligos translates to few, while archia means rule rule by the few. How do you make a large crate smaller for a puppy? Lifestyle and People The stark lifestyle of Sparta was a contrast to the Athenian focus on thinking and learning. Not only do these two cities have many differences but they also have some things in common too. What can be included in your credit bureau file? Between these two cities- states the women role in marriage, education, and freedom in society are different. Education in Sparta was completely different. Historians call this era the “Hellenistic period.” (The word “Hellenistic” comes from the word Hellazein, which means “to speak Greek or identify with the Greeks.”) It lasted from the death of Alexander in 323 B.C. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. A final reason behind the development of city-states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming. By age 20 they graduated. They were also very laid back. Another point is that they were expected to give birth t… What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? They defended the political independence of their cities vigorously. Sparta boys entered military school when they were about six years old. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Additionally, slaves played a major role in both city-states. What were the benefits of dividing Greece into city states. Population & Map. Similarities between athens and sparta They can also own lands and properties and were not confined to household chores. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). Sparta is the most conservative city in Greece. In Sparta the military professionals were the only ones who had the right to vote; in Athens, the aristocrats were wealthy landowners who were also military leaders. Spartan life was simple. A Comparison of Education in Ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta PAGES 4. Likewise, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? Didrachm of Athens, 545–510 BC Obv: Four-spoked wheel Rev: Incuse square, divided diagonally. However, the … A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people. Athens and Sparta were two city-states in the land of Ancient Greece. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. The Spartans had less education than Athens because they need to go to the army “Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required” (http://www.diffen.com/difference/Athens_vs_Sparta); in school they had physical education that was very hard. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Athens and Sparta, two of the most prominent Greek city-states, had a few similarities. Sparta was a military driven society in which all boys were sent to military school at the age of 7 away from their parents. SPARTA. They learned how to read and write, but those skills were not considered very important except for messages. Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Many people think that Sparta and Athens were completely different, but this is not true, they had many similarities. Laconia was the region with the highest proportion of "yes" votes (which was supported by the conservative party) in the 2015 bailout referendum. You were considered free only if you where a man and not a slave. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Military service was compulsory and all men were required to serve until at least the age of 30. Sparta, with their cold iron and colder hearts left enemies in ruin. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. The Spartans' constant military drilling and discipline made them skilled at the ancient Greek style of fighting in a phalanx formation. Government Education Economy Similarities More Similarities Women and Slaves Both Athens and Sparta had a strong military. The rich were otherwise known as aristocrats. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Athens was intelligent, yet militaristically inferior to Sparta. ), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its gerousia, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the apella (general assembly) to develop and try to pass rhetrai, or motions and decrees. Reform and democracy. Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other citystates shifted to tyrannies and democracies. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Education in ancient Rome progressed from an informal, familial system of education in the early Republic to a tuition-based system during the late Republic and the Empire. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Education in Athens and Sparta differed as education was based on the values most highly-regarded by each society. Athens had a strong navy and Sparta had a strong army. Also the people had different rights. Sparta and Athens were both advanced and intelligent… There were similarities and differences involving how each city state acted politically, economically, culturally and socially. There they were taught math, to read and write and to play a musical instrument. Click to see full answer. Sparta was an Oligarchy. They have some things in common, such as being located in Greece; however, more are the differences than the similarities when it comes to the characteristics of this Greek polis. How much does it cost to build a 1500 sq ft log cabin? What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? The cities of Athens and Sparta are famous for various reasons, including their eternal rivalry. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. And the local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for state-controlled public education and state schools at a regional level. Continue Reading. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Hereof, how were Athens and Sparta different? The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. ATHENS. Sparta vs. Athens. Thus, this paper will investigate further the similarities and differences between Sparta and Athens in governance, rule of women, and beliefs. Athenian men had more rights than Spartan men, while Spartan women had more rights than Athenian women. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Also the people had different rights. What should I wear to the Biltmore Estate? Although there are massive differences between Athenian and Sparta women, still there are some similarities among these two women group since they are both Greek. In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts. Their main goal was building a democracy. The Athens and Spartans were two civilizations with many differences and similarities. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. What were the main features of the new system of education in Athens? Sparta's military strength rested in its army, composed of the best-trained and most powerful warriors of ancient times. All schools were very small private schools, and education was very valued. Athens and Sparta: Similarities and… One of the greatest city states of all time was the city state of Athens from which we take many of our modern ways. Geography and Demography According Dr. Peter J. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. What are the similarities between the education system of the ancient Spartans and ancient Athens? In Athens, you could get a good education … Exactly what I needed. The Athens had a good education and many subjects to study on, the women also study but … Similarities Between Spartan Education And Nigeria Education. In fact, they were the largest of them all. Athens VS Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the greatest Greek city states ever. The Athenians had a strong army but freedom was very important and the education to the people was a priority. Athens. However, Sparta had only about 8,000 citizens, while Athens had between 40,000 and 100,000. Athenian society was composed of four main social classes - slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens). Schooling continued till the age of eighteen. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, with an average of three or four slaves per household, except in poor families. One of the main similarities between Sparta and Athens is that each city-state had a government that had the responsibility of checking on the welfare of its citizens. More wealthy were taught to ride a horse. All schools were very small private schools, and education was very valued. … Athens was an aca. It was aimed at the cultivation of the students' physical, mental, and moral qualities. They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … Also the people had different rights. Even though, Sparta and Athens were in close piercement; Sparta differ from Athens in a lot of ways especially the women that lives in these city – states. Both Sparta and Athens were militarily strong, though in different ways. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Earth’s roundness and size; the distance between Earth, the Sun, and the Moon; Earth’s orbiting the Sun. View Full Essay. They owned large estates and established the cavalry or captained triremes. The principal use of slaves was in agriculture, but they were also used in stone quarries or mines, and as domestic servants. Even though Athenian women mostly get married by the age of fourteen to sixteen while Sparta women marry at the age of eighteen, both Athenian and Sparta’s marriage were arranged by their fathers. Education in Nigeria Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. A comparison between the lives of athenians and spartans. WORDS 2,528. Furthermore, how was the education in Athens? Slaves were at the bottom of the social order in both cities, and military men were at the top. What was the social structure of ancient Athens? It has never had a left-wing mayor and it was one of the few cities that voted in 1974 to retain the monarchy. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? Similarities And Differences Of Government In Athens, Sparta And Athens 849 Words | 4 Pages. Furthermore, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? Physical Education in Athens was also military education, but they joined after 12 years. One of the other similarities is that all Athenian and Sparta women have to get married. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Why was it called the Hellenistic period? Wow. Furthermore, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? Such subjects as religion, social studies, government, etc., did not exist separately as they were taught in embedded form in writing, poetry, music, etc. until 31 B.C., when Roman troops conquered the last of the territories that the Macedonian king had once. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. What Were the Similarities Between Sparta and Athens. The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce and maintain a powerful army. Here are the differences and similarities between Athens and Spartans during this time: For the Athens, their social structures were typical. 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